Everything You Need to Know about the Sport Mixed Martial Arts (MMA)

Everything You Need to Know about the Sport Mixed Martial Arts (MMA)

Everything You Need to Know about the Sport Mixed Martial Arts (MMA)


MMA Sport - Ohio Fitness Garage

 History of MMA 

The brute younger brother of boxing is MMA, a combination of many fighting disciplines used in a clash between two fighters. MMA emerged onto the mainstream in 1993 as the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) began televising their events through pay-per-view. However, MMA is been around since ancient Greece, in which fighters would combine their grappling techniques with closed fist strikes and elbows.


How to fight in the MMA


In MMA, all a fighter will really need is a pair of gloves and a mouthpiece. Because gloves are always the standard 4 oz, they form to the fighter’s hand pretty comfortably.


To be successful in MMA, it’s important for a fighter to become adept in many different fighting styles because of all the different ways a fight can end. It’s also important to closely study your opponent before a match, and see how your fighting style stacks up against theirs. This will allow you to address weaknesses before training camp begins.


Rules of MMA


  • Much like boxing, there are several weight classes to provide the most fair advantage for fighters of similar sizes: Strawweight (115 pounds and below), flyweight (115 to 125), bantamweight (125 to 135), featherweight (135 to 145), lightweight (145 to 155), welterweight (155 to 170), middleweight (170 to 185), light heavyweight (185 to 205), heavyweight (205 to 265), and super heavyweight (265 pounds and over).
  • Official UFC rings are 30 feet squared, but in the shape of an octagon. These rings are surrounded by a 6 foot tall chain link fence.
  • Fighters can use many different parts of their body to strike, including their fists, elbows, knees, shins, and more. They may not use their fingers to poke or headbutt another fighter.
  • Fighters also cannot strike an opponent in the back of the head, eye gouge, throat choke, hair pull, snap fingers, or manipulate their opponent out of the cage.
  • A fight can end in many different ways, especially since grabbling is thrown in the mix. There can be a: knockout, technical knockout, submission, judge’s decision, forfeit, doctor stoppage, or no contest.
  • If the fight goes to decision, three ringside judges will determine who the winner is. Winning fighters are awarded 10 points, while losing fighters are awarded 8 or 9 points.
  • If the fight is deemed a no contest, there is no official decision because both fighters are either consistently breaking the rules, disobeying referee commands, or a fighter has been hurt enough by an illegal strike to the point they can’t continue.


Kickboxing, Jiu Jitsu, Taekwondo, Karate, Greco Roman Wrestling, and many more fighting styles all make up MMA. Any of these disciplines can be used in the cage so long as they abide by the rules. Different fighting styles stack up better against others, which may force a fighter to change their strategy before or during a fight.


Written by Devin Pickell

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