Pool Eightball Rules of the Game

Pool Eightball Rules of the Game

Pool Eightball Rules of the Game


Eight Ball Pool - Ohio Fitness Garage


Eightball, often referred to as solids and stripes, is one of the most popular professional billiards games played. Billiards originated in 15th century Northern Europe -- a game most commonly played by the ruling class. Now, eightball is considered a classic bar game that is widely played by many. Although eightball is very popular, there are many variations of billiards.


How to play Eightball


Unless you’re a professional billiards player, you’ll probably be renting the equipment needed to play a game of eightball. At bars or billiards halls, the tables are already provided and the players will typically just pay to rent a cue stick and balls.


It’s all about finding the perfect cue stick for your comfort. Cue sticks differ in length, weight, and weight distribution along the handle. You’ll use this stick to strike the cue ball into object balls, which should land into six different pockets throughout the pool table.


Rules of Eightball


  • There are a total of 16 balls in eightball, this includes the white cue ball and the black eightball. The other 14 balls are called object balls, they’re striped or solid, and have a sequence to how they’re colored: 1 and 9 yellow, 2 and 10 blue, 3 and 11 red, 4 and 12 purple or pink, 5 and 13 orange, 6 and 14 green, and 7 and 15 maroon or tan.
  • The 15 object balls will be “racked” at the beginning of the game in a triangular fashion. The winner of the previous game usually breaks at the start of each match. The black eightball must be at the center of the rack.
  • The break must have at least four balls hit the cushions of the table. Otherwise the break is re-racked and often turned over to the opponent.
  • There are many fouls in a game of eightball, but the most common include: striking an opponents ball before their own, pocketing the cue ball (often called a scratch), striking the cue ball while other balls are still in motion, the cue ball is pushed instead of being struck, a ball is struck off the table, and many more.
  • Scratches require the player to give up their turn. The opponent will then place the cue ball on the side that previous player was, and line up their desired shot within the three dots labeled on near the side cushions.
  • To end a game, a player must pocket all their balls and then call the pocket in which they plan on hitting the black eightball in.
  • Pocketing the black eightball out of turn results in the player losing the game. Probably the most devastating way to lose a game.


Eightball and many other billiards variants are often a game of geometry and being able to figure out the velocity and angle a ball needs to be struck. Players can even “jump” their ball in the air to skip over other balls that may be in the way.


Written by: Devin Pickell


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